The Contemporary Revolutionary

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Ai Weiwei is a Chinese contemporary social and political art activist known to most as the artistic mind behind the Beijing National Stadium for the 2008 Olympics. Described as a “dissident artist with a leading voice”, Ai Weiwei’s upcoming exhibition “Ai Weiwei. Libero” at the Fondazione Palazzo Strozzi is both a retrospective of his previous works and also an avenue by which to foster new conversation on the ideas of freedom and justice. Much of his work is contentious, forcing together the traditional and the modern while also combating the idea of censorship.

Ai Weiwei is the son of renowned Chinese poet, Ai Qing. Ai Qing was exiled by Mao Zedong’s communist regime in the 1950s for his role as a social critic and for his support of other artists who used their work to denounce the increasingly repressive Chinese government. It is unsurprising, with such a lineage, that Ai Weiwei became a composer of works made to encourage dialogue on topics such as emancipation, modern ‘excessivism’ and corruption. An example of his activism is his work on the Sichuan earthquake scandal. During the news coverage of the devastating Sichuan earthquake that took more than 70,000 lives in Central China, Ai Weiwei found out that almost 5,000 children had perished but had not been officially announced deceased. He galvanised the community to lead an investigation into the lack of government transparency. He worked alongside Chinese activists Tan Zuoren and Xie Yuhui, who published the “Independent Investigative Report by Citizens” that documented evidence revealing government misconduct at the local level and that many schools had faulty architecture making them susceptible to collapse. Ai Weiwei spoke out against the cover-up and created numerous artistic projects to give a voice to the students he believed were ignored by their own government. For his courage he was beaten by police, jailed and then fined millions of dollars. Despite this, Ai Weiwei has never allowed himself to be silenced and continues to be the voice for those who cannot speak for themselves.

His work, branching all over the world, has made many uncomfortable but Ai Weiwei takes pride in the fact that his work impacts and disturbs because it is in this that he sees the true value of art. He seamlessly intertwines the complex political conversations that afflict humanity today within all of his art, using his acclaim as an artist to push forth the values that are meaningful to him.

Check out this interview on Ai Weiwei by Louisiana Channel on Youtube.

For more on the Beijing Stadium check out Telegraph article here.

 

Photo Credits: Alfred Weidinger

Developing a Global Perspective on Politics this Fall at NYU Florence

Pic for Politics

The United States of America and the European Union together form the biggest market in the world, they account for the world’s second and third largest GDP and a combined population of more than eight hundred million people. They also have a crucial political role at the global level: This fall LPD will address some of the main issues at the forefront of public debate on both sides of the Atlantic, at this critical moment in history.

During the “EU in Focus series” students will learn about the peculiar institutional and political structure of the European Union and some of the challenges facing Europe today. Students will learn about the history of the EU and its economy, but also about some of the main themes that are currently destabilising the European countries, such as the refugees crisis, the recent UK’s vote to leave the EU and the recent negotiations about a new transatlantic trade agreement between the EU and the US. Read more

A Reflection on the Race, Racism and Xenophobia Series @NYU Florence

By Amanda Gelbart, NYU Florence Student, Major in Mechanical Engineering, NYU Tandon School of Engineering

Throughout the 2016 Spring semester, the La Pietra Dialogues program has hosted a series of dialogues that focused on the issue of race in a global context. The events ranged from regular dialogues to an all-day conference that was held on March 24, which hosted people such as lawyers, musicians, and photographers.

One of the most impressive aspects of this series was the realization of how race affects every field of study in some manner. The particular dialogue that struck me the most was “Representing Race in Opera: Text and Performance, Past and Present” with Professor Emanuele Senici on April 27. Within his dialogue, he exposed the evolution of opera as it includes racial issues. At first, he explained that operas had people of different races within them, as described by the words in the libretto, but the music gave no indication of differences. However, as operas continued to be written into the colonial and imperial ages, race became a central theme of the words and the music of many operas. Composers, such as Puccini, began inserting culturally important musical themes into the overall score in order to signify the “diversity” of the others, and in operas like Madama Butterfly, the naivety of the non-European was emphasized.

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It’s Time to Start Paying Attention

By Isabelle Caraluzzi, NYU Florence Student

About two weeks ago, an estimated 500* refugees drowned after the vessel smuggling them to Italy from Tobruk, Libya wrecked somewhere in the Mediterranean. Crowded into a dilapidated, repurposed fishing boat, these Somalis, Egyptians, Ethiopians, Sudanese, and Libyans set out to cross the sea with hopes of escaping the tyranny, poverty, danger, and instability they faced in their home countries. On April 16th, 41 people were rescued near Greece after days of drifting at sea.

It’s hard not to wonder why there hasn’t been much productive conversation in the last two weeks surrounding the aftermath of this tragedy. Or to wonder why it took major media outlets like The New York Times and CNN until almost a week after the fact to post their first acknowledgments. Or why this story wasn’t given the chance to occupy major headlines long enough to touch people the way it should have. Or why the E.U., NATO, and the U.S. are choosing to treat these people’s struggle for safety and freedom as a police issue, deploying more warships to turn individuals and their families around. People don’t cram themselves into a 30-meter-long boat with 100-200 other people and head for the open sea simply out of frivolity. They do it because risking their lives trying to reach sanctuary is less dangerous than staying at home. They do it because they face the relentless threat of death, or torture, or kidnapping, or rape, or bombing, by any of the numerous assailant groups active around them. They do it because they want safer, more stable lives for themselves and their families.  

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Civil Society Activism and Democracy: Risks and Promises

“Civil Society Activism and Democracy: Risks and Promises” will analyze non-governmental organizations, think tanks, foundations, universities and activists that act as agents of participatory democracy at both the national and global levels. The dialogue was organized by NYU Florence professor Gianluca Sgueo and will take place on May 2 at 6 p.m. in Villa Sassetti. It will feature journalist and activist Angela Gennaro, scholars Jamal Shahin and Vigjilenca Abazi, and lawyer Giulio Carini.

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“Fighting Racism In Sports and What It Means For Those Who Watch”

Jackie Robinson is no doubt one of the most famous baseball players to ever play the game. While his .311 batting average, 1947 Rookie of the Year award, 1949  AL MVP award, and six world series appearances are impressive enough; it was his ability to overcome the difficulty of being one of the first black players within a segregated America that solidified his spot in history. Now, April 15th is known as “Jackie Robinson Day” within Major League Baseball, and on that day every player wears Robinson’s number, 42. Read more

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Syrian Refugee and Jewish Displaced Person, Are We Making the Same Mistakes?

With the current refugee crisis facing Europe and the United States, there are many people and policymakers who are debating how to ethically deal with all of the refugees. There are currently many different ways in which countries are aiding refugees.  In Italy there has been a huge influx of refugees, over 153,000 in 2015 alone according to the online newspaper West. The Italian government is working with the EU to provide aid. According to the European University Institute’s Migration Policy Centre, last March Italy pledged more than 19 million USD to provide aid and humanitarian support to the Syrian refugees in Italy, see Syrian Refugees: Aid and Asylum Map. The United States has been under heavy criticism for being extremely selective in who they will allow to seek asylum. In many cases, EU countries do not have that option. Agence France-Presse correspondent Dave Clark wrote that “U.S. President Barack Obama has promised that the United States will admit 10,000 Syrian refugees for resettlement over the next 12 months, after criticism that America is not doing enough.” (Business Insider UK). One thing I have found extremely interesting while listening to the debate surrounding current events, is how much the approach to Syrian refugees is similar to how Jewish Displaced Persons (DPs) were dealt with following the Holocaust and World War II. Read more

Taksim square peaceful protests. Events of June 16, 2013.

“Post-Revolutionary Tunisia”

2010 marked the beginning of what would come to be known as the Arab Spring, a series of both violent and nonviolent protests and movements that took place throughout the Middle East and northern Africa. It’s launching point? The Tunisian Revolution. After 23 long years, the Tunisian people decided to revolt against dictator, Zine El Abidine Ben Ail, after street vendor Mohamed Bouazizi publicly lit himself on fire until death in protest of his government. In January of 2011, Zine El Abidine Ben Ail was ousted from his seat, and a democracy was instituted. Read more

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Diversity in the Film Industry

Italian Ghanaian director and activist Fred Kuwornu will come to Villa Sassetti at 6 p.m. on April 21 for the dialogue  “Diversity in the Film Industry,” part of the “Race, Racism and Xenophobia in a Global Context” series that NYU Florence is organizing this semester. Kuwornu will present his documentary “Blaxploitalian: 100 Years of Blackness in the Italian Cinema” (2016), which explores the careers of black actors in Italian film. The documentary’s website describes it as “a call-to-action for increased diversity” and more dignified roles for these actors. Read more

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Ruwwad: A Regional Initiative for Development and Community Empowerment

Fadi Ghandour, founder of the Ruwwad community center in Jordan, will be on the NYU Florence campus for a dialogue discussing the center as a source of community empowerment at 6 p.m. in Villa Sassetti on April 7. Ruwwad was founded in 2005 for the refugee community of East Amman and has multiple locations in the Middle East, helping different underprivileged communities. The non-profit offers resources such as job training programs and youth scholarships. Read more