Category: EU In Focus

EU in Focus Spring 2017: What Point Are We At?

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The anthem for the European Union has no words. It’s an empty, wordless, instrumental hymn, a blank canvas upon which each nation and each ethnicity can paint their own words in their own language. The actual tune is “Ode to Joy,” by Beethoven, a symbol of pan-Europeanism, but the anthem does not have any official lyrics, which means each country can add its own. To call the European Union a multi-colored patchwork of cultures would be to understate exactly how much of it is essentially a cultural Frankenstein’s monster. The EU has 24 official languages, 5 semi-official languages, 42 minority languages and another 8 main immigrant languages. It’s not exactly a single, unified entity, and yet it exists. There is a European Union, where representatives from 28 countries will come together to hammer out deals involving one of the largest common markets in the world, with 500 million people accessible in one go. Read more

New Report from the Eurofound Foundation on the Gender Employment Gap

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The European Foundation for the Improvement of Living and Working Conditions has published a new report on The Gender Employment Gap: Challenges and Solutions, Publications Office of the European Union, Luxembourg, 2016. Authors include Massimiliano Mascherini, Martina Bisello and Irene Rioboo Leston from the Eurofound Foundation.

The report explores the main characteristics and consequences of gender gaps in labour market participation and concludes that reducing the gender employment gap should be both an economic and a social objective. The report finds that the total cost of a lower female employment rate was €370 billion in 2013, corresponding to 2.8% of EU GDP. Moreover, while work is the main source of income and so the main tool against deprivation and poverty, the participation of women to labour market ensures their well-being and empowerment. Fostering higher participation of women is crucial to meet the Europe 2020 target to achieve an overall employment rate of at least 75% by 2020. Highlighting the need of tailored policy intervention, the report also examines lessons learned drawn from policies and measures aimed at fostering female labour market participation in 6 European Member States and concludes that integrated actions with all agents involved are the most effective.

An executive summary of the report can be found here

And the full report can be found here

Massimiliano Mascherini joined us in Fall 2013 to present the results of a 2012 report on Youth Unemployment and Disengagement. You can find out more about that Dialogue Generation Jobless: Youth Unemployment and Disengagement here.

NYU Students Meet the EU

For half of the working group, the EU in Focus trip to Brussels began with a 5:00 am meeting time at the Florence airport. Once we arrived in Brussels we were given the opportunity to explore the city for the remainder of the Saturday, making the early morning flight seem inconsequential. The city was as lively as expected, especially for a weekend.  After spending an entire day roaming around downtown and enjoying all the Belgian waffles and fries that Brussels could offer us, we reconvened at the hotel for dinner as a group and were able to listen to two guest speakers from the EU, one of them an NYU alumna. Our hotel was located in the government sector of the city, which meant that on the weekend there was little traffic on the roads and very few pedestrians. This completely changed on Monday when each establishment reawoke to keep the European continent fully functioning, until the next Saturday came around five days later. Read more

The Evolving EU Government System

As part of the EU in Focus series Professor Nicoló Conti presented a dialogue about the structure of the European Union. Conti begins by clarifying  that the EU is a governing body unlike anything else the world has ever seen, and trying to understand it through the lens of other governing bodies is not only unfeasible, but limits an understanding of what the EU is and how it works. Several factors make the EU unique, important among them is the fact that the EU makes decisions based on collective agreement rather than decision making by a leader. Throughout the dialogue Conti highlighted the roles of four main EU bodies; giving a crash course in how policy is made in the EU. The European Council, Council of the European Union, European Union Parliament, and European Commission are arguably the most important bodies operating in the EU. Read more

State of the Union

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Since 2011, the European University Institute has organized the annual Conference on the State of the Union, which occurs during the celebration of the anniversary of the Schuman Declaration, which created the European Coal and Steel Community, the first brick in the creation of the European Union, on May 9, 1950. The conference convenes important political leaders to discuss the status of the European Union and its current challenges. Discussing the State of the Union has never been easy. It was particularly challenging this year, as the conference was held the day after the UK elections that confirmed David Cameron as Prime Minister. His agenda includes a referendum to discuss the exit of the United Kingdom from the European Union. Additionally, the UKIP, a Eurosceptic party, was the third most voted party in the United Kingdom.

Professor J. H. H. Weiler, President of the EUI, took the floor after the introductory remarks of the Mayor of Florence Dario Nardella. Weiler explicitly said that “the State of the Union is not as it should be and is not as could be.” Read more

A Love Letter to La Pietra Dialogues

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La Pietra Dialogues always works hard to provide students with relevant and exciting educational programs. But last week, the good people of LPD outdid themselves with a sponsored field trip to Brussels and Luxembourg. A month ago, I joined the EU in Focus Working Group, one of the many programs LPD has to offer, and began to learn about the intricacies of the supranational political system uniting Europe. But last week, I was able to truly experience the work of the EU as my peers and I traveled from Florence to Brussels to Luxembourg, touring and participating in several EU institutions. Read more

EU in Focus Series: Into the European Union

As we reach the end of the La Pietra Dialogues “EU in Focus” series, NYU Florence students will take a trip to Brussels and Luxembourg to complete the goal of the series which was to understand the importance of the European Union. Throughout the series, students have met with several speakers, including NYU professors Niccolò Conti and Davide Lombardo, as well as European Union Institute professor Cristina Fasone and President Joseph Weiler, who have a strong understanding of the EU’s political structure. They discussed the different aspects of the EU government, such as the EU’s parliamentary system, the Judicial system and the history of the EU. They also analyzed its importance at the international level by discussing its relationship with the United States and other EU member states. Students attended working group meetings where they focused on two main issues in the EU: immigration and data protection policies. The issue on immigration has been a topic debated for the past couple of decades, especially in Italy because it has one of the largest immigrant populations in the EU., while the issue on data protection is a modern issue regarding the 21st century-use of the internet. Students carefully outlined key concepts and information on the EU and its current status on these two issues.  The students presented their findings and engaged in different discussions on the Union and EU member states. Read more

Started from The Bottom

Every Semester hundreds of students from all over the world decide to leave their respective campuses for a unique Italian experience and arrive in Florence. Fifteen (I don’t know the number?) of these students, including myself, decided to take our cultural immersion to the next level as we attended the first European Union Working Group information meeting. There, we were promised a deeper knowledge of the political context surrounding our newest home as we would attend several EU focused Dialogues, work together in multiple workshops focusing on specific EU issues, and travel to Brussels and Luxembourg to visit and participate in several EU institutions. At the end of this meeting, group leader, Niccolo Conti, asked us to describe the EU in one word. A sharp silence fell over the room. We were not trying to be rude by ignoring the speaker. We simply had no idea how to begin to describe this complicated supranational political system. Read more

EU in Focus: The Judicial System

When I was younger, my dream job was to be a Supreme Court Justice for the United States. What better way to know my rights than by interpreting them? However, as I began to study the judicial system in the U.S., I started to realize that being a judge was not in my career interests.  Federalism allocates many different issues (including family, civil, criminal, etc.) to a court. My focus lies on a different direction. It is not that the judicial system is complicated, but it does consist of various structures. However, as a student on the pre-law track I know that I will soon have to fully comprehend the way the judicial system functions. While studying abroad, I have developed a strong interest in the political systems of the European Union. I have made it my goal to learn as much as possible and be exposed to as much enriching information as I can. One way I knew I could do this was by attending lectures with intellectual scholars such as Cristina Fasone. Read more