The International Organization for Migration is an intergovernmental organization with a mission to address issues with migration. This organization was established in 1951 with 127 member states. Additionally, there are offices in over 100 countries. On the IOM website, the organization’s purpose is defined as “promoting humane and orderly migration for the benefit of all.” To achieve this goal, the organization offers “services and advice to governments and migrants.” The IOM advocates for nations to accept the positive connection between migration and a country’s development. It encourages cooperation between nations, provides solutions for migration issues and supports migrants, refugees and internally displaced people. According to the IOM website, the four major areas that the organization works with are: migration and development, facilitating migration (including migrant integration), migration regulation and forced migration. The procedures that the IOM is actively involved in within these four areas are international migration law, policy and guidance, migration health and the gender dimension of migration.
Italy is one of the most important destination countries for immigrants coming to Europe.The IOM office in Rome coordinates the migration of people in the Mediterranean area, which includes Italy, Malta, North Africa and the Balkans. Since 1999, IOM’s Rome has worked to improve the psychological and social well-being of immigrants through programs in psychosocial well-being in migration processes, support in post conflict war torn societies and education and cultural integration. The IOM in Rome also works with the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees and Save the Children in Lampedusa, Sicily and Apulia to provide information and legal counselling to immigrants coming over through irregular means.
Since April 2007, Flavio Di Giacomo has worked as the Public Information Officer and spokesperson with the Coordination Office for the Mediterranean of the International Organization for Migration. In this capacity, he works on many migration-related issues following the migration flows to Italy of the past eight years, and manages IOM Rome’s relationship with Italian and international media. Before joining IOM, he worked with several Italian NGOs. While serving with the Italian Council for Refugees, he was the editor of a study on the feasibility of a Resettlement Programme in Italy, published in 2007. He started his career in the private sector, working in the U.K. and in France. He also holds a bachelor’s degree in political science and international affairs.